The late Linus Pauling was the only man in the world to have won two unshared Nobel Prizes. In 1954, for Chemistry and in 1962, for Peace. Two Nobel Prizes by one man in one lifetime! Linus Pauling was globally admired and globally controversial.
Dr. Pauling candidly spoke his mind about peace to presidents, heads of state and all others alike. He hated war. He found it unacceptable.
He shared this devotion to pacifism with his friend Albert Einstein. In 1958, he presented a petition, which was signed by 11,000 scientists, warning the public about the biological danger of radioactive fallout from nuclear weapons testing.
World peace was Pauling's passion, but he was equally as dedicated to chemistry as it helps humanity. His 1954 Nobel Prize was awarded for his work on genetic influences in relation to the atomic structure of proteins in hemoglobin. He discovered that sickle cell anemia is caused by genetic defect.
Professor Linus Pauling was considered the Champion of Vitamin C and its curative powers.
He continued his other scientific work at the Linus Pauling Institute of Science and Medicine in Palo Alto, California. There, he and 35 other researchers researched the basic mechanisms of disease, including the way to decipher human genes.
But what was it that drove Linus Pauling? He had a passion for Discovering the Undiscovered and Total World Peace.
Madame Jehan Sadat and Women's International Center were equally proud to present the Jehan Sadat Peace Award to the great Peacemaker, Linus Pauling.